Full Text

Okan Cem Çırakoğlu
2011; 26(67):49-64

        [Turkish Summary]        [Turkish PDF]        [Mail to Author]
This study aims to determine swine infl uenza (H1N1) related perceptions and their relationship with anxiety and avoidance behaviors during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic with a Turkish sample. In the study H1N1 related perceptions and attitudes were examined under four main variables: (1) nature of the disease, (2) possible causes, (3) control methods, (4) attitudes toward the vaccine. The sample of the study was made up of university students and non- students (N = 697). The fi ndings revealed that H1N1 related perceptions were infl uenced by the gender and working status of the participants. Women participants perceived the illness as more contagious compared to men. The level of anxiety and the frequency of avoidance were found to be higher in women than men. The student group displayed higher faith beliefs concerning the causes of the disease, and their unavoidability scores were higher. As for attitudes toward the vaccine, it was found that the mean scores on both positive and negative attitude components were signifi cantly higher in men than women and in the student group than the non-student group. The public avoidance, avoidance of personal contact and mean avoidance scores of the non-student group were signifi cantly higher than the student group. Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that avoidance behaviors were predicted by gender, status, dangerousness, faith, personal control and anxiety level. The fi ndings were discussed within the context of the existing literature.

Keywords: Perception of swine infl uenza, H1N1, anxiety, avoidance