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Pınar Ege
2010; 25(65):16-34

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This article is a normative study on the acquisition of consonants in the standard Turkish as spoken in Turkey. The responses of the standardization sample of a Turkish picture-naming test of articulation (AAT) consisting of 2568 children between ages of 2-12 were analyzed in terms of age levels, gender and position of the sound in the word at three levels of learning (customary production, acquisition and mastery). Only the responses of the 1359 2-8 year-olds were included in this study. Phonemic inventories were also analyzed. Although the results showed no signifi cant differences between genders at all age levels in the learning of sounds, boys consistently made more errors than girls, and there were also slight differences in the acquisition of sounds between boys and girls. Differences in the correct production between age groups in early ages and differences between some positions, however, turned out to be statistically signifi cant. It seems important to study acquisition of sounds by taking into consideration gender differences, positions of the sound in the word, and different levels of learning.

Keywords: Articulation, phonology, Turkish language, acquisition, consonants