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A Study to Create the Memory Block Materials in Turkish

Simay Ikier
2008; 23(62):53-62

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Memory block refers to a temporary inability to retrieve information. This study aimed to create the materials measuring memory block in Turkish, and to replicate the basic findings of memory block and facilitation. These materials consist of a target (e.g., ALLERGY), a competitor that is orthographically similar to the target (e.g., ANALOGY), and a word fragment that can be correctly completed by the target (e.g., A_L_ _GY), but not the competitor. In Experiment 1, a pool of items with similar characteristics was created and baseline completion rates were collected for the target and the competitor. Items that matched the characteristics of the ones in English were retained, and they were separated into three groups with approximately equal baselines for the target and the competitor, and were used in Experiment 2. Experiment 2 showed that being exposed to the target at study increases the target completion rate for the fragment above baseline, that is, there is facilitation. Being exposed to the competitor at study lowers the target completion rate below baseline level, that is, there is memory block. Basic findings in the literature can be replicated with these materials and these materials can be used in cognitive and psycholinguistic studies with Turkish speakers.

Keywords: Memory, memory block, facilitation, repetition priming, interference