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Interparental Conflict and Early Adolescents' Adjustment: The Mediational and Moderational Role of Appraisals in Turkish Culture

Müjde Peksaygılı, Ayşen Güre
2008; 23(61):43-58

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The main goal of this study was to investigate the mediational and moderational role of early adolescents’ appraisals of interparental conflict on the association between interparental conflict and adolescent adjustment for girls and boys. In the present study total of 285 adolescents (154 girls and 131 boys) and their parents were recruited from Ankara. The mean ages were 12.45 (SD = .11) and 12.52 (SD = .11) with the range of 10 to14 for girls and boys, respectively. To collect data we used the O’Leary-Porter Scale (OPS; Porter and O’Leary, 1980), Children’s Perceptions of the Interparental Conflict questionnaire (CPIC; Grych, Seid & Fincham, 1992), and Child Behavior Checklist (CBLC; Achenbach, 1991). In general, hierarchical regression analyses showed that parents’ ratings on the OPS predicted both boys’ and girls’ internalizing, externalizing and total behavior problems. In addition, the fi ndings revealed that there is a different pattern of mediational and moderational effects of adolescents’ appraisals on the relationship between interparental conflict and adjustment for both genders. For girls, there was a mediational effects of conflict properties and threat in internalizing; conflict properties and self-blame in externalizing and conflict properties, threat and self-blame in total behavior problems. For boys, there was a mediational effects of threat and self-blame in internalizing; only self-blame in externalizing and threat and self-blame in total behavior problems. Furthermore, for girls conflict properties and self blame on the internalizing problems; self blame on externalizing and total problems; for boys self blame only on internalizing problems act as moderator variables. The mediational and moderational role of early adolescents’ appraisals of interparental conflict on the association between interparental conflict and adolescent adjustment were discussed in the framework of the cognitive-contextual model.

Keywords: Interparental confl ict, mediator variable, moderator variable, adjustment problems