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The Investigation of Investment Model in Terms of Some Relational Variables

Ayda Büyükşahin, Selim Hovardaoğlu
2007; 22(59):69-90

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Two successive studies were conducted. The main aim of the first study was to obtain information related to the predictive variables of relationship commitment in university students who have a dating relationship. In addition, individuals who have different attachment styles were compared in terms of investment model variables. In accordance with this purpose, The Multidimensional Relationship Questionnaire, Relationship Stability Scale, The Future Time Orientation Scale, Love Attitudes Scale, Experience in Close Relationships, Interpersonal Relationship Scale were administered to 271 persons. The results demonstrated that feeling secure in the relationship and trust to the partner were the best predictor of relationship satisfaction. Future time orientation, eros love style and fear of relationship/relational anxiety were the best negative predictors of quality of alternatives. Relational commitment, future time orientation, agape love style and dependence were the best predictors of investment to the relationship. The analyses yielded that individuals who have preoccupied and secure attachment styles had the highest relationship satisfaction. The results also showed that individuals with preoccupied style had the highest investment scores and individuals with dismisesed style had the highest quality of alternatives score. In the second study, dating (100), engaged (74) and married (76) individuals were compared in terms of investment model varieables. The results of these comparisons revealed that individuals who have a dating relationship had a lower satisfaction than those who have a engaged and married relationships. On the contrary, this group was the one that evaluated the quality of alternatives most positively. In addition, according to the comparisons in terms of gender, males evaluated the quality of alternatives more positively than did females.

Keywords: Commitment, investment model, quality of alternatives, relationship satisfaction, investment size, attachment style