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Age, Gender, Prejudice, Interpersonal Sensitivity and Locus of Control as Predictors of Self Esteem, Asseriveness and Communication Skills in Adolescence

Gülden Güvenç, Vezir Aktaş
2006; 21(57):45-64

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This study was conducted in one of the poverty areas of Ankara with 281 male and female adolescents (ages between 12-16). The aim of the study was to construct an awareness program in relation to prejudice, interpersonal reactivity and locus of control which may contribute to the development of life skills (assertiveness and communication) and self esteem. California F-Scale (Form 40-45), interpersonal reactivity index, locus of control, self esteem, assertiveness and communication scales were administered to observe whether age, gender, prejudice, personal sensitivity and locus of control predicted global self esteem, perception of assertiveness and communication skills of adolescents. The results revealed that, self esteem and perception of life skills (assertiveness and communication) were positively predicted from perspective taking, whereas negatively predicted from disbelief to human agency and personal effort. On the other hand, while self-esteem and perception of communication skill were positively predicted from strict conformity to rules, self-esteem and perception of assertiveness were predicted negatively from lack of personal control. Other results reflected that perception of both life skills were predicted negatively from feelings of personal distress whereas gender predicted only perception of communication, favoring females. Age had no significant effect on either self esteem or perception of life skills.

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