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Evaluation of Factors Affecting Safe Driving: Demografic Factors, Experience, Personality And Psycho-Technical Evaluation

Sonia Amado, Mehmet Koyuncu, Gülin Kaçaroğlu
2004; 19(53):23-48

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Psycho-technical evaluation is a new area of applied psychology in Turkey. In this study, a sample of 904 multiple offenders were used to investigate the relationships among cognitive and psycho-motor abilities, personality traits, demographic characteristics, accidents, and offenses. According to the results, drivers who had accidents in the last three years were found to have slower reaction times and less correct responses but performed better in reasoning ability. Moreover, drivers who had accidents showed impulsive, antagonistic, inattentive, risk taking, adventurous and sensation seeking personality traits. Age and driving experience were found to be related to cognitive and psycho-motor abilities. The recidivism rate of those who succeeded the evaluation and received their licenses back was found to be 32.2% in 1.5 years. The rate of drivers failing the evaluation was found to be 8.4% and 15% for speed offenders and for drinking and driving offenders, respectively. These findings point out the significance of a "psychological evaluation" which is based on the assessment of personality traits and driver behaviors as well as psycho-technical evaluation. For the reduction of recidivism rates, in addition to psychological evaluation, driver improvement and rehabilitation programs are recommended.

Keywords: Psycho-technical assessment, personality traits, traffic violations, traffic accidents, demographic factors, driving experience, recidivism, cognitive, psycho-motor abilities